The Italian art developed in the Italian peninsula since prehistoric times. During the Roman Empire, Italy was the center of an artistic culture that for the first time created a universal language for the homogeneous world of
Europe and the Mediterranean. In some periods of Italy was the country's most artistically advanced in Europe.
During prehistoric times some cultures flourished in Italy, among which the Valcamonica, the Villanova, that of the Piceno and that of the Samnites.
The Magna Graecia and Sicily was one of the most culturally active greek world. Among the most important evidence has come down to us are the temples of Agrigento, Selinunte and Paestum.
The Etruscan art, which counts among its masterpieces works in bronze, terracotta, Buccheri and fresco paintings, was the most important cultural expression of pre-Roman Italy. Noteworthy were the contacts with the Magna Greece
and the cultural contribution to the nascent Roman art.