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History of the Cinema of Italy

Read about the Cinema of Italy genres and periods, from the first movies to the new directors.

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Cinema of Italy: First stars and propaganda films

It was during those war years that a new genre was born, the so-called propaganda film: the one in which a hero, sometime a mythological character, becomes involved in war adventures with acts of heroism, but to never show any opposition to the real violence of war. During Mussolini's regime...
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Cinema of Italy: The social and political movies

In this context, new directors continue and expand the work already started years before by directors like Francesco Rosi, whose film "Salvatore Giuliano" recounts the life of the famous Sicilian outlaw in 1961. Some of the most relevant movies are "Indagine su un cittadino al di sopra di ogni...
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Cinema of Italy: Pier Paolo Pasolini

A case apart from the cultural and cinematographic landscape of the times is Pier Paolo Pasolini, director, actor and author, who in his work showed an opposition to the morals of the times. A true anti-conformist, until his death (occurred under obscure circumstances in 1975) he never tired of fighting...
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Cinema of Italy: Other authors from 1950 to 2006

Ermanno Olmi is considered by many the catholic opposite of Pasolini: a rare example of poet-director but opposed to the Marxist ideology of Pasolini's movies. Since the movie debut in 1958 of "Il tempo si è fermato", an emotional parable between the relationship of man with nature, Olmi's artistic...
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Cinema of Italy: The new millennium

The Italian movies of the 21st century In 2001 Nanni Moretti wins the Palm D'or at the Cannes Film festival with "La stanza del figlio" while Ermanno Olmi completes one of his most important works: "Il mestiere delle armi", a movie that strikes for its poetic and realistic vision and...
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Cinema of Italy: The season of neorealism (1943-1955)

In this context the neorealist genre was born, an artistic and cultural movement that embraces all forms of art, but in particular cinema. The neorealist cinema has the main focus of showing the real condition of the country: often it's about the struggle of poor families; actors are usually...
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Cinema of Italy: The beginning of the film industry

The first pioneer movies (1896-1902) The first Italian movies were documentaries, filmed in a few seconds in which those fierce pioneers (first and foremost a former cartographer of the Military Institute in Florence, none less inventor, camera operator and director, Filoteo Alberini) would record facts and people of their times,...
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Cinema of Italy: Horror and thriller

One of the fundamental directors of this genre was first and foremost Mario Bava, a cinematographer turned into director. Not only had he created a real starting point for the quality of horror movies in Italy but it was mostly because of his great narrative, both cultured and sophisticated....
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Cinema of Italy: The Golden Age (1910-1914)

Those colossals were directed by Mario Caserini ("Gli ultimi giorni di Pompei", 1913), Enrico Guazzone ("Marc Anthony and Cleopatra", 1913) and most notably Giovanni Pastrone, who in 1914 directed the famous "Cabiria", with the honor of being shown as a premiere at the White House in front of the...
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Cinema of Italy: The film crisis of 1980s

A new physiological process is taking place and it is bound to the popularity of commercial television, with similar effect in other countries with great cinema traditions such as Japan and France. During these years the Italian comedy disappears as a genre and the cinema d'autore becomes more isolated...

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